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Defect Management Process

Defect management process

  • Defect Prevention  – Implementation of techniques, methodology and standard processes to reduce the risk of defects.
  •  Deliverable Baseline  – Establishment of milestones where deliverable will be considered complete and ready for further development work.  When a deliverable is base lined, any further changes are controlled.  Errors in a deliverable are not considered defects until after the deliverable is base lined.
  •  Defect Discovery  – Identification and reporting of defects for development team acknowledgment.  A defect is only termed discovered when it has been documented and acknowledged as a valid defect by the development team member(s) responsible for the component(s) in error.
  •  Defect Resolution  – Work by the development team to prioritize, schedule and fix a defect, and document the resolution.  This also includes notification back to the tester to ensure that the resolution is verified.
  •  Process Improvement — Identification and analysis of the process in which a defect originated to identify ways to improve the process to prevent future occurrences of similar defects.  Also the validation process that should have identified the defect earlier is analyzed to determine ways to strengthen that process.
  •  Management Reporting  – Analysis and reporting of defect information to assist management with risk management, process improvement and project management.

Verification and Validation detail image

verification and validation detail image

Validation(FDA): Establishing documented evidence which provides a high degree of assurance that a specific                            process will consistently produce a product meeting its predetermined specifications and                                 quality attributes. Contrast with data validation.

Validation, Verification, and Testing (NIST): Used as an entity to define a procedure of review, analysis, and                                                                       testing throughout the software life cycle to discover errors,                                                                            determine functionality, and ensure the production of quality                                                                            software.

Verification, Software (NBS): In general the demonstration of consistency, completeness, and correctness of                                              the software at each stage and between each stage of the development life                                                      cycle. See: validation, software.

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HOW TO ANDROID APPLICATIONS TEST?


ANDROID APPLICATIONS TEST

Test Plan

Android testing has several approaches:

  • Test Android implementations: it’s the object of CTS
  • Test mobile application: it’s the object of this document

To complete these tests, the user can use tools:

  • CTS has automated the test plan
  • This document proposes a test plan manually ran but during the event different solutions to partially automate these tests will be tested

    1. Introduction

    CTS are designed to test Android implementations.

    This test plan is designed to test Android mobile applications. The test cases are intended to be ran manually. But some parts can be automated with specific tools.

    1. Pre-Tests

    This section provides general tests about launching the application.

    2.1. Is the application launched successfully? Yes/No

    2.2. Once launched, does the application gain control?

    Yes/No

    2.3. Does the installation of your application not interfere with the pre-installed applications?

    Yes /No

    2.4. Can you come back to the application main menu screen in less than 3 seconds?

    Yes/No

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    Improve Your Communication skills


    Today we have many communications problem. So, I surfing some sites & to collect some data.

    Here I published the some surfing’s collections for to improve your communications skills.
    Please give me your true response if you have like or dislike.

    Let’s Begin to Improve Your Communication Skills.

    Improve Your Communication Skills

    We all have people with whom we have to work to get things done.  Our ability to communicate with clients, customers, subordinates, peers, and superiors can enhance our effectiveness or sabotage us.  Many times, our verbal skills make the difference.  Here are 10 ways to increase your verbal efficacy at work:

    1. Develop your voice – A high whiney voice is not perceived to be one of authority.  In fact, a high soft voice can make you sound like prey to an aggressive co-worker who is out to make his/her career at the expense of anyone else.   Begin doing exercises to lower the pitch of your voice.  Here is one to start:  Sing — but do it an octave lower on all your favorite songs.  Practice this and, after a period of time, your voice will begin to lower.
    2. Slow down – People will perceive you as nervous and unsure of yourself if you talk fast.  However, be careful not to slow down to the point where people begin to finish your sentences just to help you finish.
    3. Animate your voice – Avoid a monotone.  Use dynamics.  Your pitch should raise and lower.  Your volume should be soft and loud.  Listen to your local TV news anchor; take notes.
    4. Enunciate your words – Speak clearly.  Don’t mumble.  If people are always saying, “huh,” to you, you are mumbling.
    5. Use appropriate volume – Use a volume that is appropriate for the setting.  Speak more softly when you are alone and close.  Speak louder when you are speaking to larger groups or across larger spaces.
    6. Pronounce your words correctly – People will judge your competency through your vocabulary.  If you aren’t sure how to say a word, don’t use it.
    7. Use the right words – If you’re not sure of the meaning of a word, don’t use it.  Start a program of learning a new word a day.  Use it sometime in your conversations during the day.
    8. Make eye contact – I know a person who is very competent in her job.  However, when she speaks to individuals or groups, she does so with her eyes shut.  When she opens them periodically, she stares off in a direction away from the listener.  She is perceived as incompetent by those with whom she consults.  One technique to help with this is to consciously look into one of the listener’s eyes and then move to the other.  Going back and forth between the two (and I hope they only have two) makes your eyes appear to sparkle.  Another trick is to imagine a letter “T” on the listener’s face with the cross bar being an imaginary line across the eye brows and the vertical line coming down the center of the nose.  Keep your eyes scanning that “T” zone.
    9. Use gestures – Make your whole body talk.  Use smaller gestures for individuals and small groups.  The gestures should get larger as the group that one is addressing increases in size.
    10. Don’t send mixed messages – Make your words, gestures, facial expressions, tone, and message match.  Disciplining an employee while smiling sends a mixed message and, therefore, is ineffective.  If you have to deliver a negative message, make your words, facial expressions, and tone match the message.

    Improving your communication skills will improve your productivity.

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    Sample of Mobile Test Cases


    Untitled Document

    TEST 1 — Installation

    TEST STEPS
    Before starting the test round, use a file manager to note the free user space available on the phone. You will need this information in test 8.
    1 Install the application being tested.The application must install without error.
    2 During installation note the version number presented to the user.The version number must match that specified during submission.
    3 Verify that the application has successfully installed on the device by navigating to the area on the phone where new applications are installed.The application should present one or more icon(s) on the phone.
    Notes
    For any submissions which do not appear obviously once installed, the submitter must include details in the submission statement of how successful installation can be verified.If the content does not appear obviously on the device once installed, and specific instructions are lacking in the submission statement, then this test will be failed.

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    TEST 2 – Application start/stop behaviour

    TEST STEPS
    1 Start the application by selecting the icon or following the steps outlined in the submission statementNavigate to the Task Manager and check that the application appears there.
    2 Close the application from the Task Manager.Exit the Task Manager, and re-launch the Task Manager. The application must no longer appear in the Task Manager.
    3 Start the application as in Step 1.Go to the Task Manager to verify that the application is running. The application must appear in the task manager.
    4 Close the application from within the application UI and then return to the Task Manager.The application must no longer be running and must no longer appear in the task manager.
    5 Restart the application as in Step 1.Navigate to the Task Manager. The application must once again appear in the Task Manager.
    Notes
    An application which must run in the background does not need to appear in the Task Manager or present a UI so long as the developer justifies this behaviour during submission.All applications must have some way of verifying that they are running on the device, though, and the developer should provide this information.

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    Software Development Life Cycle


    Software Development Life Cycle

    Software development approach and has a value proposition that includes faster turnaround times, trained pool of engineers with decent exposure to processes and best practices followed for the entire SDLC.

    We have exposure on the following SDLC models :

    • Waterfall
    • V-Shaped
    • Structured Evolutionary Prototyping Model
    • Incremental
    • Spiral
    • Agile

    A brief description of the various models mentioned above is given below. Along with the description, we have mentioned the strengths and discussed when a particular model is suited to you:

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    Identifying sqa issues


    Software Quality Assurance is a good practice that every large scale business should employ. IT related businesses have never hesitated to use SQA to ensure that the application they will release for their users or sell to their customers will live up to their expectations.

    Sponsored Links

    On the other hand, there are companies that has opted to forgo with the usage of SQA and relied on application testers just to make sure the application will never have internal errors. The SDLC on the other hand, will ensure the development of the application will work as planned.

    Like other development plans, there are issues why developers and companies do not use SQA.

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    IEEE SOFTWARE TEST DOCUMENTATION Std 829-1998 – TEST PLAN


    Purpose
    To describe the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of the testing activities. To identify the items being tested, the features to be tested, the testing tasks to be performed, the personnel responsible for each task, and the risks associated with this plan.

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