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For Better Understanding

Defect Management Process

Defect management process

  • Defect Prevention  – Implementation of techniques, methodology and standard processes to reduce the risk of defects.
  •  Deliverable Baseline  – Establishment of milestones where deliverable will be considered complete and ready for further development work.  When a deliverable is base lined, any further changes are controlled.  Errors in a deliverable are not considered defects until after the deliverable is base lined.
  •  Defect Discovery  – Identification and reporting of defects for development team acknowledgment.  A defect is only termed discovered when it has been documented and acknowledged as a valid defect by the development team member(s) responsible for the component(s) in error.
  •  Defect Resolution  – Work by the development team to prioritize, schedule and fix a defect, and document the resolution.  This also includes notification back to the tester to ensure that the resolution is verified.
  •  Process Improvement — Identification and analysis of the process in which a defect originated to identify ways to improve the process to prevent future occurrences of similar defects.  Also the validation process that should have identified the defect earlier is analyzed to determine ways to strengthen that process.
  •  Management Reporting  – Analysis and reporting of defect information to assist management with risk management, process improvement and project management.

Verification and Validation detail image

verification and validation detail image

Validation(FDA): Establishing documented evidence which provides a high degree of assurance that a specific                            process will consistently produce a product meeting its predetermined specifications and                                 quality attributes. Contrast with data validation.

Validation, Verification, and Testing (NIST): Used as an entity to define a procedure of review, analysis, and                                                                       testing throughout the software life cycle to discover errors,                                                                            determine functionality, and ensure the production of quality                                                                            software.

Verification, Software (NBS): In general the demonstration of consistency, completeness, and correctness of                                              the software at each stage and between each stage of the development life                                                      cycle. See: validation, software.

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Test Plan

Android testing has several approaches:

  • Test Android implementations: it’s the object of CTS
  • Test mobile application: it’s the object of this document

To complete these tests, the user can use tools:

  • CTS has automated the test plan
  • This document proposes a test plan manually ran but during the event different solutions to partially automate these tests will be tested

    1. Introduction

    CTS are designed to test Android implementations.

    This test plan is designed to test Android mobile applications. The test cases are intended to be ran manually. But some parts can be automated with specific tools.

    1. Pre-Tests

    This section provides general tests about launching the application.

    2.1. Is the application launched successfully? Yes/No

    2.2. Once launched, does the application gain control?


    2.3. Does the installation of your application not interfere with the pre-installed applications?

    Yes /No

    2.4. Can you come back to the application main menu screen in less than 3 seconds?


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    Improve Your Communication skills

    Today we have many communications problem. So, I surfing some sites & to collect some data.

    Here I published the some surfing’s collections for to improve your communications skills.
    Please give me your true response if you have like or dislike.

    Let’s Begin to Improve Your Communication Skills.

    Improve Your Communication Skills

    We all have people with whom we have to work to get things done.  Our ability to communicate with clients, customers, subordinates, peers, and superiors can enhance our effectiveness or sabotage us.  Many times, our verbal skills make the difference.  Here are 10 ways to increase your verbal efficacy at work:

    1. Develop your voice – A high whiney voice is not perceived to be one of authority.  In fact, a high soft voice can make you sound like prey to an aggressive co-worker who is out to make his/her career at the expense of anyone else.   Begin doing exercises to lower the pitch of your voice.  Here is one to start:  Sing — but do it an octave lower on all your favorite songs.  Practice this and, after a period of time, your voice will begin to lower.
    2. Slow down – People will perceive you as nervous and unsure of yourself if you talk fast.  However, be careful not to slow down to the point where people begin to finish your sentences just to help you finish.
    3. Animate your voice – Avoid a monotone.  Use dynamics.  Your pitch should raise and lower.  Your volume should be soft and loud.  Listen to your local TV news anchor; take notes.
    4. Enunciate your words – Speak clearly.  Don’t mumble.  If people are always saying, “huh,” to you, you are mumbling.
    5. Use appropriate volume – Use a volume that is appropriate for the setting.  Speak more softly when you are alone and close.  Speak louder when you are speaking to larger groups or across larger spaces.
    6. Pronounce your words correctly – People will judge your competency through your vocabulary.  If you aren’t sure how to say a word, don’t use it.
    7. Use the right words – If you’re not sure of the meaning of a word, don’t use it.  Start a program of learning a new word a day.  Use it sometime in your conversations during the day.
    8. Make eye contact – I know a person who is very competent in her job.  However, when she speaks to individuals or groups, she does so with her eyes shut.  When she opens them periodically, she stares off in a direction away from the listener.  She is perceived as incompetent by those with whom she consults.  One technique to help with this is to consciously look into one of the listener’s eyes and then move to the other.  Going back and forth between the two (and I hope they only have two) makes your eyes appear to sparkle.  Another trick is to imagine a letter “T” on the listener’s face with the cross bar being an imaginary line across the eye brows and the vertical line coming down the center of the nose.  Keep your eyes scanning that “T” zone.
    9. Use gestures – Make your whole body talk.  Use smaller gestures for individuals and small groups.  The gestures should get larger as the group that one is addressing increases in size.
    10. Don’t send mixed messages – Make your words, gestures, facial expressions, tone, and message match.  Disciplining an employee while smiling sends a mixed message and, therefore, is ineffective.  If you have to deliver a negative message, make your words, facial expressions, and tone match the message.

    Improving your communication skills will improve your productivity.

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    questions and Answers

    1. Load Testing Tools  (Per. Testing)

    a)    reduces the time spent by the testers

    b)    reduces the resources spent (hardware)

    c)    mostly used in web testing

    d)   all  of the above


    2. Test coverage analysis is the process of  (Testing concepts)

    a)   Creating additional test cases to increase coverage

    b)    Finding areas of program exercised by the test cases

    c)    Determining a quantitative measure of code coverage, which is a direct measure of quality.

    d)    All of the above.

    3. Critical in Web Testing (Testing concepts)

    a)    Performance and Functionality

    b)    Functionality and usability

    c)   Usability and Performance

    d)    None of the above

    4. Class testing  (Testing concepts)

    a)   require a driver to test

    b)    no need of instances of other classes

    c)    no need to test the transitions

    d)    all of the above.

    5. Defect Tracking  (Defect Mgmt)

    a)    is the communication channel between test team and development team

    b)    is the communication channel between testing team and the rest of the team

    c)    is the communication channel between the testing team and end users

    d)   all of the above

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